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    Acoustic volume backscatter measurements were made by an ASL Environmental Sciences Acoustic Zooplankton Fish Profiler (AZFP) operating at four-frequencies (125 kHz, 200 kHz, 455 kHz and 769 kHz). README: https://store.pangaea.de/Publications/Robinson-etal_2020/AZFP2017_README.pdf Further details are provided at: Frazer, E. K., Langhorne, P. J., Leonard, G. H., Robinson, N. J., & Schumayer, D. (2020). Observations of the size distribution of frazil ice in an Ice Shelf Water plume. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL090498. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL090498

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    Acoustic volume backscatter measurements were made by an ASL Environmental Sciences Acoustic Zooplankton Fish Profiler (AZFP) operating at four-frequencies (125 kHz, 200 kHz, 455 kHz and 769 kHz). README: https://store.pangaea.de/Publications/Robinson-etal_2020/AZFP2016_README.pdf Further details are provided at: Frazer, E. K., Langhorne, P. J., Leonard, G. H., Robinson, N. J., & Schumayer, D. (2020). Observations of the size distribution of frazil ice in an Ice Shelf Water plume. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL090498. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL090498

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    Ocean salinity was recorded at 10 second intervals by a Seabird Electronics SBE 37 microCAT CTD at a nominal depth of 100 m in McMurdo Sound at 77.6152 °S, 164.8821 °E. The dates covered by the salinity observations at 100 m depth are from 28-10-2016 06:43:11 UTC to 13-11-2016 21:59:51 UTC. The salinity is reported in units of practical salinity. Ocean temperature was recorded at 10 second intervals by a Seabird Electronics SBE 56 thermistor at a nominal depth of 75 m in McMurdo Sound at 77.6152 °S, 164.8821 °E. The dates covered by the temperature observations at 75 m depth are from 28-10-2016 06:43:11 UTC to 13-11-2016 21:59:51 UTC. The temperature is reported in units of °C in the ITS-90 temperature scale.

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    Acoustic volume backscatter measurements were made by an ASL Environmental Sciences Acoustic Zooplankton Fish Profiler (AZFP) operating at four-frequencies (125 kHz, 200 kHz, 455 kHz and 769 kHz). README: https://store.pangaea.de/Publications/Robinson-etal_2020/AZFP2017_README.pdf Further details are provided at: Frazer, E. K., Langhorne, P. J., Leonard, G. H., Robinson, N. J., & Schumayer, D. (2020). Observations of the size distribution of frazil ice in an Ice Shelf Water plume. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL090498. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL090498

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    Sea ice temperature (°C) measured across multiple depths at (LATITUDE: -77.792300, LONGITUDE: 166.514900). Related Publication: Richter ME, Leonard GH, Smith IJ, Langhorne PJ, Mahoney AR, Parry M. Accuracy and precision when deriving sea-ice thickness from thermistor strings: a comparison of methods. Journal of Glaciology. 2023;69(276):879-898. doi:10.1017/jog.2022.108 GET DATA: https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880164

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    Temperature and salinity observations were made at nominal depths of 75 m and 100 m, respectively, by Sea Bird Electronics sensors. Acoustic volume backscatter measurements were made by an ASL Environmental Sciences Acoustic Zooplankton Fish Profiler (AZFP) operating at four-frequencies (125 kHz, 200 kHz, 455 kHz and 769 kHz). The AZFP profiled the top 25 m of the water column in 0.1 m bins. All instruments were deployed through a landfast sea ice cover that was approximately 2 m thick. The WWW Tide and Current Predictor model was used to generate tidal height forecasts for the deployment periods. Ocean salinity was recorded at 10 second intervals by a Seabird Electronics SBE 37 microCAT CTD at a nominal depth of 100 m in McMurdo Sound at 77.6152 °S, 164.8821 °E. The dates covered by the salinity observations at 100 m depth are from 28-10-2016 06:43:11 UTC to 13-11-2016 21:59:51 UTC. The salinity is reported in units of practical salinity. Ocean temperature was recorded at 10 second intervals by a Seabird Electronics SBE 56 thermistor at a nominal depth of 75 m in McMurdo Sound at 77.6152 °S, 164.8821 °E. The dates covered by the temperature observations at 75 m depth are from 28-10-2016 06:43:11 UTC to 13-11-2016 21:59:51 UTC and 3-11-2017 08:26:01 UTC to 20-11-2017 23:00:01 UTC. The temperature is reported in units of °C in the ITS-90 temperature scale. Tidal height forecast data were produced from the WWW Tide and Current Predictor (http://tbone.biol.sc.edu/tide/tideshow.cgi?site=Ross+Island%2C+Antarctica) for Ross Island, Antarctica, for the period of the 2016 AZFP deployments. Related publication: Frazer, E. K., Langhorne, P. J., Leonard, G. H., Robinson, N. J., & Schumayer, D. (2020). Observations of the size distribution of frazil ice in an Ice Shelf Water plume. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL090498. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL090498 GET DATA: https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.923762

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    Acoustic volume backscatter measurements were made by an ASL Environmental Sciences Acoustic Zooplankton Fish Profiler (AZFP) operating at four-frequencies (125 kHz, 200 kHz, 455 kHz and 769 kHz). README: https://store.pangaea.de/Publications/Robinson-etal_2020/AZFP2016_README.pdf Further details are provided at: Frazer, E. K., Langhorne, P. J., Leonard, G. H., Robinson, N. J., & Schumayer, D. (2020). Observations of the size distribution of frazil ice in an Ice Shelf Water plume. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL090498. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL090498

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    The data set contains sea ice thickness (consolidated ice plus snow) of pack ice in the Western Ross Sea acquired by fixed wing aircraft (BT-67 C-GJKB) between McMurdo Sound (77.68 S / 165.52E) and near Cape Adare (72.01 S / 171.53 E). Two survey profiles are oriented South - North near parallel and about 100km off the Victoria Land coast, and two survey profiles are leading into Terra Nova Bay oriented in East –West direction at around 74.5 S and 75 S. The total length of the survey profiles is about 800 km. The Southern survey was flown from 9 November 2017 22:19 UTC to 10 November 2017 00:25 UTC beginning in McMurdo Sound and went for 300 km to the north, before turning west into Terra Nova Bay for another 100 km. The Northern survey was flown on 11 November 2017 from 1:21 UTC to 3:04 UTC from near the Adare Peninsula in a southerly direction for 215 km before turning southwest towards Cape Washington for another 140 km. The airborne electromagnetic induction (AEM) ice thickness sensor was towed by a Basler BT-67 aircraft sampling thickness every 6m along the flight track. The accuracy of the measured ice thickness is +/-0.1m over level ice. Ice thicknesses are biased up to 50% low for pressure ridges smaller than the signal footprint of about 45 m. Data was collected with the support of Antarctica New Zealand (event K066-1718-A; 25/10/2017-28/11/2017) for the New Zealand National Science Challenge Deep South (Targeted observation and process informed modelling of Antarctic sea ice, PI P. Langhorne). The purpose of data collection was to gain a basic understanding of sea ice thickness close to the areas of the Ross Sea, McMurdo, and Terra Nova Bay Polynyas.

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    Ground-based electromagnetic induction (EM) surveys of sea ice and sub-ice platelet layer thicknesses were carried out on land-fast sea ice in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica in November of 2011, 2013, 2016 and 2017. The EM data was acquired using a frequency-domain Geonics Ltd EM31-MK2 instrument mounted on a sledge and towed by skidoo. The thicknesses of total ice (sea ice plus the snow layer) and the SPL were simultaneously retrieved from the EM31 measured response using the processing method of Irvin (2018) (refer to pages 89-98). A correction for the addition of the snow layer was applied to obtain to EM measured Sea Ice (emSI) thickness according to section 2.3 of Brett et al. 2019. Related Publication: Brett, G. M., Irvin, A., Rack, W., Haas, C., Langhorne, P. J., & Leonard, G. H. (2020). Variability in the distribution of fast ice and the sub-ice platelet layer near McMurdo Ice Shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125, e2019JC015678. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015678 GET DATA: https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.909889

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    The data are approximately 800 km of airborne electromagnetic survey of coastal sea ice and sub-ice platelet layer (SIPL) thickness distributions in the western Ross Sea, Antarctica, from McMurdo Sound to Cape Adare. Data were collected between 8 and 13 November 2017, within 30 days of the maximum fast ice extent in this region. Approximately 700 km of the transect was over landfast sea ice that had been mechanically attached to the coast for at least 15 days. Most of the ice was first-year sea ice. Unsmoothed in-phase and quadrature components are presented at all locations. Data have been smoothed with an 100 point median filter, and in-phase and quadrature smoothed data are also presented at all locations. Beneath level ice it is possible to identify the thickness of an SIPL and a filter is described (Langhorne et al) to identify level ice. Level ice in-phase, quadrature and SIPL thickness, derived from these, are presented at locations of level ice. For rough ice, the in-phase component is considered the best measure of sea ice thickness. For level ice where there is the possibility of an SIPL, then the quadrature component is considered the best measure of ice thickness, along with SIPL thickness. All data are in meters.